Cattle Rustling, Conflict, Farmers, Food Scarcity, Fulani Pastoralists, Security, Sedantarization
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Conflict between farmers and Fulani catterearers in Northern Nigeria has become an intractable and its re-occurrence posed greater challenges and concern among Nigerian and nation authorities. The conflict generally centered on access to and struggle for grazing land and water. It was observed that on daily basis the grazing land is continuously shrinking and diminishing due to factors such as climatic change which lead to it takeover of arable lands by desert, global warming also caused available space water to dry up, its encroachment by the farmers and other government/ nongovernmental activities, on the other hand the activities of those involved in arm banditry and cattle rustling also posed a threat to nations peace. These scenarios make conflict inevitable, and the crises create so many problems related to the nation’s insecurity because not only crops and livestock but many lives and properties have been lost on daily basis.. The most disheartening thing in this conflict is how some well-placed individuals and politiciansseems to label the conflict giving it a religious and ethnic coronation. This paper is going to focus on what cause the conflict and the way forward on how to reduce and resolve it, it also going to review the consequences of the crisis on the lasting peace and harmonious living in the country under study. It is also going to suggest the way forward to reduce and resolve the conflict in order to maintain peace in the country